Hemp Facts: Common Myths Debunked
Hemp has risen to prominence largely due to the popularity of the phytocannabinoid known as Cannabidiol (CBD). However, there’s much more to hemp than CBD. Here are a few key facts about hemp and CBD, which serve to debunk some persistent myths and rumors circulating about this famous plant.
1. Hemp and marijuana are not the same thing
Hemp and marijuana come from the same genus — Cannabis — but are different in function, growing methods and chemical composition. Marijuana generally has a high level of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC,) an intoxicating compound that makes you feel "high" and is used for medicinal or recreational purposes. Hemp, on the other hand, contains 0.3% or less of THC, as well as heightened levels of CBD. Hemp is also used in a variety of consumer products, including dietary supplements and skin products, and its fiber is turned into building materials, clothing, paper, and many other common products.
2. CBD does not make you feel “high”
To be considered hemp, a cannabis plant must contain no more than 0.3% THC. If a cannabis plant eclipses this legal threshold, it is officially considered marijuana, an illegal substance under federal law.
THC is also the compound responsible for the intoxication associated with marijuana. It is present only in trace amounts in hemp plants, while CBD is present in high levels in hemp plants. Neither hemp extract nor CBD extracted from hemp should produce a “high” or intoxication like THC.
3. The amount of CBD you need varies by person
When it comes to CBD, less is sometimes more. Reports from clinicians and patients indicate that the suggested amount of CBD per serving varies for each individual, and in fact, the synergistic effect of broad-spectrum CBD can be effective at low amounts. As we at Prima like to say, start low and go slow. Several factors, including frequency and length of use, as well as your body’s metabolism, weight and health status, can play a part in how much CBD is right for you.
4. Hemp has thousands of uses
Hemp is one of the most versatile crops out there. The hemp plant can be used in as many as 25,000 products.
The hemp plant can be broken down into two major parts: hemp flower and industrial hemp. Hemp flower refers, of course, to the buds of the mature hemp plant. Hemp flower is where the lion’s share of CBD, as well as other cannabinoids, can be found. This is because the flower is home to trichomes, the resinous glands of the plant. Hemp flower is used for direct consumption and extraction of concentrated hemp extract, also called CBD oil.
Industrial hemp refers to the stalks, seeds, and fibers of the hemp plant, which can be used in the creation of a wide range of products, including textiles, construction materials, and even biofuels.
5. Hemp is not a controlled substance under federal law
While industrial hemp was often imported for processing into products like hemp seed oil, the cultivation of hemp in the U.S. was prohibited for a period of time. That changed in December 2018 when the 2018 Farm Bill was signed into law. Pursuant to the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp is expressly excluded from treatment as "marihuana" under the federal Controlled Substances Act.
6. Hemp enriches the soil where it is grown
Unlike some crops, hemp cultivation can serve to enrich the soil where it is grown. Not only do hemp’s roots penetrate deep into the earth, aerating the soil and preventing erosion, the plant also helps encourage nutrient uptake by other plants that will be grown on that same land in the future.
7. Hemp is more durable than other materials
Hemp fiber is one of the most durable natural textile fibers available. For instance, when compared with cotton, hemp lasts significantly longer while also resisting molds and mildews. Coupled with its quick maturity and soil reinforcing properties, it is a great choice of crop for the textile industry.
Hemp offers more than just CBD
While CBD is responsible for launching the hemp plant to modern fame, the crop has a rich and storied history that extends way beyond cannabinoids. Hemp can be spun into the clothes on our backs, cooked into the foods we eat or built into the walls of our homes. Hemp biofuels can even power the cars we drive. Whether immediately obvious or not, hemp is a staple of human civilization and offers almost everything we need. While there are a lot of tall tales and fantastic myths about the hemp plants, the facts are far more impressive.